Next time you strike lucky when you’re out fishing, take a moment to examine your catch.
Because it could hold the answer to some of the world’s most pressing technological challenges. Yes, fish are in demand as never before, not just because they taste nice, but for their high tech secrets.
Read on to find out just how high tech a fish can be.
For a construction technique that could lead to production of fishing clothing that’s literally bulletproof, we need to trek to the Amazon. The arapaima is a river fish that grows to over 2 m in length and can weigh as much as 200 kg. But it’s not its size that interests scientists.
The scales of the arapaima are so tough, piranhas’ teeth crumble on impact. Scientists studying the scales have discovered that beneath their rock hard mineral exterior, the fish scales ride on a bed of elastic protein threads. The combination of hard and soft lends the scales incredible toughness, a discovery that’s inspiring a new generation of flak jacket as well as tougher false limbs.
A plate of fresh sardines or herring is a delicious heart healthy meal at which few would turn their noses up. But those shimmering silver fish have scientists in a flap for a completely different reason. It’s to do with the way their bodies reflect light.
Crystals in the skin of the fish are aligned so they reflect light in all directions, mimicking the natural play of light around their ocean home. It’s neat trick that helps hide the shoal from the beady eyes of dolphins and other predators. Researchers now believe they can use this clever natural mirroring to improve LED and fibre-optic technology.
Hoki is a succulent white fish commercially harvested in New Zealand. But it’s not the flesh that’s spawned a whole new high tech industry, but the skin. As a by product, hoki skin had no particular use until scientists discovered the possibilities of the collagen it contained. Engineers worked out a way to spin the collagen into nanothreads 500 times thinner than a human hair.
From the super fine threads a non woven mat is produced. An incredible surface area makes this mat ideal for use in air purification filters, but its applications offer far more scope than that. The super thin material can be impregnated with anti bacterial agents for use in wound dressings. And other uses include in electronics, cosmetics and packaging. There could even be a use for hoki skin fibres in structural engineering.
Remote controlled unmanned subs are hard to manoeuvre, particularly in confined spaces. This makes them less than ideal for tackling complex tasks like the investigation shipwrecks. But now engineers are making progress with a new type of sub whose movement and sensory equipment is based on the knifefish, a small inhabitant of mangrove swamps.
Instead of using its eyes to see, the knifefish beams a low voltage electric field that enables it to sense its surroundings. The diminutive fish is able to negotiate the tangled tree roots and dense water vegetation by means of delicate undulations of its long blade-like fin. By replicating the knifefish’s electronic eyes and precise manoeuvring ability, new generation robots will be able to go where no deep sea probe has been before.
When engineers were tasked with bringing wind power generation to the Los Angeles valley, they faced a problem: the lack of space. To resolve this issue, they went for vertical rather than the usual horizontal blades. But to make the best use of the available land, they went a step further, and turned to fish to help them work out the best way to position the turbines.
Scientists have noticed that individuals in a shoal of fish position themselves to make most efficient use of the vortices created by the fins of the fish around them. Engineers took this research and applied it to the positioning of each turbine in the farm, even working out the optimal direction of rotation of each turbine blade.
There’s only one word to describe this winter: waterlogged.
The wettest winter since records began has brought misery to the thousands whose homes have been flooded. For all of us it seems as though the storms have lasted forever. And though spring might be just around the corner, it can’t come quickly enough.
That’s why we invite you to join us as we head to the world’s driest places. Fishing where it’s hot, dusty and bone dry. It’s time to swap your rain lashed bivvy for suntan lotion and a broad brimmed hat.
Let’s go desert fishing.
Land of the saddle weary cowpoke and the dusty gun slinger, New Mexico is the location of choice, for many of our favourite Western movies. It’s also more geographically diverse than it gets credit for. While it’s famous for its rose coloured deserts and barren tablelands, there you’ll also find the forest clad mountain sides and snow capped peaks of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the Southern Rockies.
For the intrepid angler, the fifth largest state in the US offers everything from alpine lakes and desert gorges to lowland rivers and streams; year round fishing for winter weary Brits. And with panfish, trout, bass, catfish, northern pike and walleye on the list of target species, you’ll have more than enough to keep your rod tip quivering.
Anyone travelling to Egypt should check out the Foreign Office website for the latest advice before they go. But assuming you make it, you’ll be rewarded with rich fishing in a climate that will banish your rainy day blues. During the 1960s, President Nasser ordered the construction of the higher Aswan dam, a vast feat of engineering built to control the annual flood of the River Nile.
Fish in the middle of the dramatic desert landscape, as nomadic tribesmen graze their animals on the lakeside vegetation. The waters of lake Nasser offer the opportunity to hook the fish of your life – the Nile Perch. A formidable adversary, this king of fish grows up to 2 m in length and can weigh anything up to 200 kg.
The best time to fish Lake Nasser is October to June – perfect for avoiding the British winter. Choose from one of the many tour operators for a fishing safari of a lifetime on Africa’s biggest lake.
The bushmen call the Atlantic coast of Namibia, the ‘land God made in anger’. Infamous for its treacherous cold water current, constant surf and frequent mists, it’s not surprising so many whales, dolphins and ships have met a watery end here. A most inhospitable coast, the bleached bones littering the shore would have provoked terror in the lost and stranded. And with good reason because the sea is full of sharks and it hardly ever rains.
But if this doesn’t dent your enthusiasm, you’ll be glad to know the fishing on the Skeleton coast is to die for. And there are a number of operators offering fishing safaris in the area. Catch wise you’re looking at Galjoen (black bream), Steenbra, Kolstert (Blacktail) and Bronze Whaler.
If you do go, you might want to pack your bivvy, plenty of water and emergency food rations in case your transport breaks down. You could be waiting a very long time for the next bus…
Australia’s Northernmost tip is home to some of the deadliest creatures on earth. It’s stiflingly hot, full of flies and if you get lost, you’re as good as dead. But don’t let that put you off. There are few language issues, cold beer is in plentiful supply, and there are plenty of tour operators who’ll have you afloat in a tinny before you can bound from your bivvy bag and boil a billy.
And the fishing is great. The Barramundi is a superb game fish that grows up to 1.8 meters long and can top the scales at 60 kg. They make good eating too, great for those long hot evenings beside the barbeque.
One word of caution though – beware the crocs…
February is the time of year for romance.
Think chocolates, red roses, and a candlelit meal for two. Yes, Valentine’s day is upon us and with it the opportunity for love – or a least a card from your mum.
For avid anglers, it’s also perhaps the one day of the year when in the interests of marital harmony it might be best to leave your carp fishing tackle in the cupboard.
But while we’re in a romantic frame of mind, we thought we’d take a fish’s eye view of the mating game. Just how do fish do it?
A cichlid’s sandcastle is his love nest. In the attempt to attract a mate these African lake dwelling fish build up a carefully designed pile of sand that they defend from other males. The sandcastle pad is both a place to mate and somewhere to look after the eggs until they hatch.
Scientists studying the fish discovered that if they modified the shape of the nest or ‘bower’, the male it belonged to had less fights with other fish and was more likely to attract a female. Cichlid ladies it seems, are most attracted to a man who’s not afraid to show a bit of individuality.
The ultimate clinger on, the male angler fish administers a love bite that lasts. Because of the difficulty in finding a mate in the deep dark abyss, some species of male angler fish have developed the ability to literally become one with their mate.
Males use well their highly sensitive sense of smell to locate a female and bite into her skin. His mouth produces enzymes that digest both their flesh. The two fish grow into each other, the male living off the blood supply of the female. As a survival strategy it’s spot on. Whenever the female feels like reproducing, she has a mate ready to fertilise her eggs.
In clown fish communities, who gets to mate is all based on pecking order. Top fish is a female – the biggest and bossiest of the group. She only mates with one male fish. All the others have to wait their turn. When the leading female dies or is taken out by a predator, the top male changes sex to become the matriarch, and all the male fish below move up one notch.
As to when clown fish mate – the female waits for the silvery light of the full moon before laying her eggs on flat surfaces amid the garden of anemones where she lives. Who said romance was dead?
Sea hares are gastropods with a soft bodies and internal shells. They’re a sort of shell-less sea snail. They can grow quite large – up to 75cm long and 2 kg in weight – and their long protruding nostrils prompted the romans to name them after the land animal.
When it comes to reproduction, sea hares are interesting because they have male organs at one end, female at the other. And when they mate, several of the creatures often link together, sometimes forming a circle of love.
The argonaut or paper nautilus is an octopus that resides in tropical waters. The female grows up to 10cm in length but creates a delicate calcite shell up to 30cm in diameter. The shell doubles as both a home and a brood chamber for eggs.
Mating with one of the tiny 2cm males of the species is an interesting process in that the male’s reproductive tentacle is broken off and presented to the female in its live, wriggling state.
Not much is known about how giant squid reproduce. For a long time scientists interested in discovering the mechanics of the creature’s mating process were baffled as to how males delivered their sperm to females.
But then a female specimen was found in Tasmania which may hold the answer to the riddle. Scientists examining the creature found dart-like tendrils attached to each of her legs. It seems possible that males shoot ‘love darts’ at their mates, injecting sperm through the female’s skin.
The sequence of Atlantic gales battering the British Isles is devastating news for commercial fishermen.
Unable to put to sea for weeks, some fishing families are feeling the pinch like never before.
Fish markets are empty or under-supplied, prices are soaring to their highest levels for years. For the consumer, the storms mean shortages, price hikes, and no fresh fish.
Looe in Cornwall is renowned for fresh fish from its day boat fleet. But some boats have been stuck in port for nearly two months now. That’s because static nets are the sea fishing tackle most Looe fishermen use. They set the nets one day and return to haul them the next. According to a fisherman interviewed by the BBC, there hasn’t been a two day weather window to allow boats to get out to work since before Christmas.
In fact, the port would be completely closed if it weren’t for one local mariner nicknamed, ‘Richard the brave’. The lone fisherman ventured out to sea, risking all to bring home a catch.
Fish markets closed
The South West fishing industry has been battered by the recent storm surges, resulting in extreme shortages of fresh fish that saw Plymouth fish market close for a time during January.
More recently, the past weekend’s storm means there is very little fish available for sale this week – although anyone courageous enough to take on the mountainous seas and wild winds can expect top dollar for their catch.
Newlyn fish market was riding high this Monday thanks to successful hauls of hake and whitefish from local boat, Ajax. The skipper’s twitter comment on his catch: ‘Big money’. But for every boat that puts out to sea, there are many more that have stayed behind, leaving industry leaders, fishermen and others reliant on the fishing trade for income wondering when the weather will finally clear.
For some Cornish fishermen even an improvement in the weather won’t see them heading out to sea anytime soon. During last Wednesday’s storm, the inner harbour doors at Porthleven harbour were smashed to matchwood by a sea described by shipping forecasters as, ‘phenomenal’.
Waves blown before storm force winds surged into the port sinking ten boats, damaging some of the vessels beyond repair.
Incredibly, efforts by fishermen and the emergency services to save the remaining boats in the harbour were hampered by the press of crowds of people who abandoned their cars at the side of the road to watch the waves.
Fishing is a risky business, and never more so when gales keep fishermen in port for too long. With finances stretched and the prospect of excellent prices for fish landed, it’s hard to resist the temptation to put safety aside and head out to sea in bad weather.
Fishermen riding their luck can make good money, but when it goes wrong, they pay a high price. In November last year, the five man crew of the French fishing boat, the Panamera wasplucked to safety by helicopter 25 miles off the Lizard when their boat began taking on water. It later sank.
In January, four crewmen were rescued when their fishing boat got into difficulty in bad weather and sank off Tynemouth.
And at the beginning of February, the crew of another French fishing boat had to be rescued by helicopter crews from RNAS Culdrose. ‘Le Sillon’ was struck by a monster wave off the North Cornish coast. Its bridge windows imploded, all the electrical gear was destroyed. The boat lost steerage and was later wrecked at Porthcothnan.
More to come
The position of the jet stream across the Atlantic means that winter storms will continue to lash the British isles for at least the next 10 days. Forecasters predict rising pressure and a return to more settled weather only towards the end of the month when hopefully fishermen will be able to begin to recoup some of the losses they’ve incurred.
Most of us know that humans evolved from apes and that apes evolved from creatures that came from the sea.
But now scientists believe they have found the missing link; a type of fish that had primitive legs. It’s one of the earliest forms of – us – ever discovered.
So next time you take your fishing gear for a day on the riverbank, spare a thought for your relatives. And no, we’re not talking about your long suffering partner, we mean your (very) distant cousins, the fish.
A new study of 375 year old fossils dug up in Northern Canada in 2006 has revealed a fish with ambition – the tiktaalik. Not content to spend its days swimming, this crocodile-like fish had spiracle holes in its skull – nostrils – pointing to the presence of primitive lungs and a skeletal system similar to some of today’s land animals.
The Tiktaalik’s front fins had elbows and an early form of wrist joint and at the other end, the fish’s pelvic girdle was much heavier than that of its contemporaries indicating that it might have had back fins a bit like legs. This four limbed propulsion could have seen the fish ‘walking’ through the shallows and maybe even shuffling out onto the mudflats.
This is completely new because up until now, scientists thought creatures didn’t begin to grow back legs until they had already moved to the land.
The unearthing of the tiktaalik is the holy grail for those with a passion for prehistoric life. As Jennifer Clack of Cambridge University’s fossil museum said in an interview with the Boston Globe: “It’s what we’ve all been waiting for.”
The discovery is being trumpeted as the long looked for ‘in between stage’ when the pelvic fins of fish developed. During this time, they became much larger and stronger and eventually evolved into the hind limbs of four legged land creatures, including mammals that eventually stood up and became us.
Paleontologists studying the prehistoric creature’s fossilised remains say its ungainly proportions and short, stubby fins suggest the fish was highly specialised to a shallow, muddy environment and would have moved in a similar way to a modern mudskipper.
In open water the tiktaalik would have been an easy lunch for other fish, a fact that has prompted scientists to speculate that the development of early limbs was a defence mechanism. Legs would have enabled the tiktaalik to squirm into ever shallower waters to evade predators. And eventually through evolution its descendents escaped from the water altogether.
Like so many breakthroughs, the discovery of the tiktaalik owes much to chance. The rock containing the fossil was loaded onto a helicopter at the end of a trip to the Arctic. It wasn’t considered to be of high priority, until that is, it was found to contain the fossilised remains of the creature that links land and sea life.
A second trip to the same area produced another fragment of pelvis, but not as was hoped, an entire rear fin. Now researchers plan to turn their attention to another area of the Arctic to study even older rocks to see if they can trace the origins of fish.
So next time you cast, wade or walk, just think, you have more in common with your quarry than you might previously have thought. Those arms and legs of yours used to be fins.
Naming your child is an important job for a parent – not only do you have to choose something your baby can grow into, it’s important to put something of yourself into your choice too.
Like your love of fishing.
So if you’re expecting, here are some suggestions to mull over next time you’re on the river bank, beach or pier. And why not? If you’re about to become a father or mother – it could be the last time in a long time that your fishing equipment gets an outing.
If you’re a sea angler, you’re in for a treat because the briny blue has long been an inspiration for some of our most well loved names.
- Dylan – ‘Son of the sea’, this Welsh name is much loved for it’s lyrical and literary connections.
- Kai – Polynesian twist – it means ‘sea’.
- Merlin – ‘Sea fortress’ another Welsh moniker and a strong name for a boy!
- Morrissey – ‘Choice of the sea’ – also a maudlin old rocker.
- Zale – ‘Sea strength’ from the Greek.
- Maria – from Mary – could mean a number of things from ‘lady of the sea’, drop of the sea,’ and ‘Star of the sea’. But be warned, it also means ‘bitter’.
- Muriel – Irish for ‘Sparkling sea’.
- Morwenna – ‘maiden of the sea’ a lovely Welsh / Cornish name.
- Coral – like the reef.
- Ula – ‘Gem of the sea’.
For freshwater fanatics, the choices are a little less conventional in some cases – but there’s nothing wrong with exercising a little imagination.
- River – a river. Better than calling a child ‘stream’ or ‘estuary’
- Finn – means ‘fair’ in Irish, but a fin is part of a fish right?
- Trent – It’s a river – and a boy’s name. Other rivers might also make good names – but maybe not ‘Thames’ or ‘Humber’.
- Fry – a baby fish.
- Elver – a baby eel.
- Tad – a proper boy’s name, but also the first half of tadpole.
- Pike – might give rise to ‘don’t tell ‘em your name…’ Dad’s Army jokes.
- Irving - a nice one this – it’s Scottish in origin and means ‘green water’.
- Tallulah – celtic and meaning ‘leaping water’.
- Pearl – fresh or salt water.
- Brooke – beware – if she turns out to be a chatterbox, she’ll be a ‘babbling Brooke’.
- Isis – beware – her tears were believed to cause the yearly flooding of the Nile. Don’t call your child this if you live on the Somerset levels.
- Lotus - pond plant
- Lilly – also a pond plant
- Bob - Hmm.
- Rod – a bit obvious don’t you think?
- Annette – you might think its a ‘keeper’, but will she?
- Marlow - it’s a glass half empty thing, the name means ‘drained lake’.
- Marina – nice, but there are many berths in a marina. She won’t thank you for it.
If you know of any great fishing inspired baby names, please share them in the comments below.
Did you get some book tokens for Christmas, or are you looking for a gift for a fishing obsessed loved one? Or perhaps you want a good read for the long dark evenings? You’ve come to the right place.
Here are some of our favourite fishing reads – some you are still in print, others you’ll need to buy second hand, but they’re all great reads.
1. The Old Man and the Sea – Ernest Hemingway
The classic fable by Ernest Hemingway is the story of an old man, a young boy and a big fish. It was the story for which the author won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Man against nature – the beauty and sadness of the hunt – the inevitability and honour of defeat. Big themes explored in Hemingway’s sparse style, Santiago, the old man of the sea battles the Marlin. Read it.
2. A river runs through it – Norman Maclean
Well known as a movie starring Brad Pitt, Craig Sheffer and fly fishing rods, the book is published both as a novella and as a collection of three semi autobiographical tales. Beautifully written, the story is set in the backwoods of Montana and tells of the divergent fortunes of fly fishing brothers, Norman and Paul. Told from the point of view of Norman, the tale mainly recounts the events of the summer of 1937 as the brothers embark on one last fishing trip together.
3. The River Why – David James Duncan
When 20 year old Gus Orviston rebels against his fishing obsessed parents, he strikes out alone into the wilderness to do nothing but eat, fish and sleep. But before long, Gus becomes uncomfortably aware of the environmental degradation of the river brought about by man. So begins a journey of self discovery that’s both funny and sensitive. Unforgettable characters and a beautiful fishergirl; a book that lingers in the imagination.
4. The Compleat Angler – Izaac Walton
Originally published in 1653, this work by Izaac Walton is an hommage to angling that will appeal to fishing fanatics and lay people alike. A mixture of verse and prose, the book is a timeless evocation of the beauty of nature and man’s enjoyment of it through the noble art of fishing. For those in contemplative mood, the Compleat Angler is a must.
5. Fish, fishing and the meaning of life – Jeremy Paxman
Described by Keith Elliot of the Independent on Sunday as, “probably the definitive anthology of angling writing”, this book is a great choice. When Paxman isn’t grilling slippery politicians, he’s never happier than when he’s out fishing. And his love of the riverbank comes through in the razor sharp wit and humour with which he introduces his favourite writings. Some you’ll recognise, others you won’t. A journalist well worth his salt, Paxman presents some gems here.
6. A summer on the Test – John Waller Hills
Quite possibly the greatest book about chalk stream fishing ever written, John Walter Hill’s 1921 work evokes the timeless beauty of the English countryside. A perfect fireside read for long winter nights, let the author transport you to a bygone era – days of cane and willow – that will have you dreaming of summers past and of course the coming spring.
7. Trout Bum – John Gierach
For some, fishing is a weekend escape, to others it’s a way of life. Here, renowned American angling writer, John Gierach shares tales of his trout fishing wanderings. His laid-back style and the simplicity of his narrative produces prose that seeps into you like water on parched ground. Definitely worth a read.
8. Fishing’s Strangest Days – Tom Quinn
From the macabre to the ridiculous, Tom Quinn’s selection of bizarre fishing tales contains some of the strangest true angling stories ever told. There’s bait made from the flesh of hanged criminals, and two Americans who persuaded the police to help them resolve a dispute over whether or not it was possible to cast a fly from the roof of the Savoy hotel into the Thames. An entertaining book into which to dip.
9. 101 Golden Rules of Fishing - Rob Beattie
These Golden Rules are rather more like suggestions but in case there’s any doubt, the author in his introduction says, “I understand that people want to catch fish, but for me that’s only one reason for going fishing – and not necessarily the most important.” An angler with decades of experience, Rob Beattie offers a delightful mix of practical tips and riverbank philosophy.
10. Fly fishing by JR Hartley – Michael Russell
Anyone old enough to remember the TV advert for the Yellow Pages will know JR Hartley was a fictional character looking for a copy of his own book, Fly Fishing by JR Hartley. But Michael Russell’s work is more than a gimmick designed to cash in on a name made famous by television. A collection of warm hearted recollections from the author’s boyhood spent in Yorkshire during the 1930s, the anecdotes are about the boy growing up and a growing love of fly fishing.
Bored by your bivvy? It’s time to get inspired!
We all know a fishing bivvy is supposed to be a purely practical item, created to provide shelter for super keen anglers. But what’s wrong with injecting a little design?
We’ve been on a hunt for the weirdest, wackiest and most wonderful examples of Grand Design Bivvies out there.
Here’s what we found…
In Britain this Christmas, between us we will eat around ten million turkeys. In the USA, over Thanksgiving, the yanks consume 60 million birds.
If the thought of slaughter on such an epic scale turn turns your stomach, here we have an alternative.
Fish. It’s an underrated festive flavour. But don’t get your carp rod in a quiver because we’re not about to suggest you plunder your local lake. For our fishy feast, we’re heading North for a delicious Nordic Christmas.
Whether or not meat is on the menu this Christmas, a dish of gravadlax makes for a great side and is a good alternative to smoked salmon too. In the middle ages, Swedish fishermen would bury some of their catch on the beach. It’s thought the salt in the sand and the fermentation of the fish stopped it going off. These days, you won’t need sand to make gravadlax, just salt, sugar, dill and a fridge freezer.
You need: a fillet of fresh salmon, salt, castor sugar, black peppercorns, dill. Cling film.
How to make it. Mix even quantities of crushed sea salt and castor sugar. You need enough to liberally coat the whole flesh side of the fillet. Crush your black peppercorns – use as many as you like. Chop the dill.
Coat the flesh side of the fillet with the salt, sugar, pepper mixture. Cut it in half across the middle put the dill on top. Slap the two sides together like a salt sandwich. Wrap tightly in cling film. Put it in a bowl the fridge. Turn the package every 12 hours or so. Your gravadlax is ready to eat in 48 hours.
Give the fish a rinse, slice thinly. Eat.
Lutefisk is a traditional Norse food. It’s prepared from dried white fish, or dried salt cod. First the fish is steeped in cold water for a couple of days, then it’s steeped in water mixed with lye – a powerful alkali derived from potash. This eats away at the protein in the fish, changing its consistency to something akin to jelly. After two days of this, the fish is now too caustic for consumption so it’s soaked for a further five or six days in fresh water, before being cooked briefly and served.
In particular, lutefisk made from cod is renowned for smelling utterly revolting. This combined with its gelatinous texture and the potential for it to taste of soap makes lutefisk something of an acquired taste. But for something different to serve your Christmas guests this season, you might like to give it a try. Then again, you might not.
The translation of the name of this popular Swedish Christmas dish is Jansson’s temptation. Jansson was a famous Scandinavian opera singer during the early part of the 20th century – and what was he was tempted by? Sprats.
To make yourself a tasty sprat casserole, you need: potatoes, an onion, several sprat fillets (tinned are fine), cream, salt and pepper, butter, and breadcrumbs.
Chop your onion, then fry gently in butter. Chop the spuds into thin strips, put them with the onion and fry until semi-cooked. Take an oven dish. Use half the onion, potato mixture to make a layer. Season. Place a layer of sprats on top. Repeat. Cover in cream. Sprinkle with bread crumbs. Bake at 200C until the potatoes are cooked – about 45 mins. Eat.
A favourite with the Finns, salt herrings are in fact a 14th century Dutch invention. Fresh herrings are gutted leaving the liver and pancreas in. Next the fish are oak barrelled in brine for a few months. Enzymes in the remaining fish innards help to give the steeping fish a distinctive flavour.
Before consuming salt herrings, you first need to soak them in fresh water. Thats because after six months in the barrel, the salt content of the fish can be as high as 12 – 14%. Lightly salted versions are available though, with a typical salt content of 6 – 7%.
Roe and milt
Never ones to waste a tasty part of the fish, roe and milt are popular additions to the Nordic Yuletide repast. Caviar is king of fish roes but there are many more affordable fish eggs you can spread on your toast. Try Finland’s ‘golden caviar’, made from the roe of the Vendace – a member of the salmon family. To make it go further mix with creme fraiche and finely chopped onion.
Fish roe we like – milt we’re not convinced about. While we’re sure its creamy texture and mild flavour make it a joy to spread over a cracker, the thought of eating cooked, chilled fish semen is a little more than we can bear. Anyone for roast turkey?